Inspired by my visit to Monkton Wlyd Court (an education centre for sustainable living) last summer (whilst on my Indie Farmer Road Trip) I’ve put together a short guide to hay making by hand featuring Simon Fairlie, small-scale farmer and co-editor of The Land Magazine..

1. Sharpening your Scythe – The majority of farmers these days use a tractor and a mower for cutting grass but in the absence of modern machinery the most important tool you’ll need is a good sharp Scythe…


2. Scything or Mowing – recently popularised in the BBC Series Poldark, scything is a real art as demonstrated in my video of Simon mowing below and according to him it can take at least 5 years (or seasons) to turn a lad into a professional mower. So you better get practicing!


Here’s a short video I took of Simon in ‘full swing’…

3. Turning your hay – to aid the drying process it’s important to turn the grass over the course of the ‘haying’ period..


4. Moving your hay –  Once your grass has turned to hay (which normally takes a day or two fine weather) you’ll need to move it to the barn. To do this fork some hay onto a large blanket, which can then be wrapped it into a bundle and transport by foot to the farm yard. Depending on the size of the field you may need to make several ‘trips’ to clear the field.


5. Spreading your hay – sometimes if the hay isn’t quite ready but the weather looks set to change it’s a good idea to get your hay as close to the barn as possible and then spread it in the farmyard..


6. Stacking your hay in the barn – the final and most important stage of hay making is to get your hay safely in the barn before it rains.


And whilst I haven’t convinced my dad to sell our tractors and hay making equipment quite yet here’s a ‘man versus machine’ YouTube video with a surprising outcome..

More information

To find out more about Austrian scythes visit run by Simon Fairlie

Visit the annual Scything fair (normally held in June)